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Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Prembhakti Candrika, translated by......?

This book, printed in Delhi in summer 2010, escaped my attention so far. It seems to be entirely re-typed from my original English translation, a monk's work, but it is unauthorized still. My name is graciously mentioned as the translator, but I don't want to be held responsible for all the mistakes like typos, so I take distance from them and will list the mistakes here, too -

1] The song texts and translations are too small, not bold and there is no space between the previous purport and the new text.
2] The ṛ and ḍ are spelled as ū
3] There are many spelling mistakes
4] An entire Narottamāṣṭakam is inserted on p.72, which is not at all in the original text by Śrīpād Anantadas ji
5] Many sanskrit quotes are not in italics.

There will be regular distribution soon of my translations of Sri Ananta Das Ji's work.

Sunday, October 06, 2013

Śrī Haridās Śāstrī

Śrī Haridās Śāstrijī passed away at the high age of 95. He was according to Sādhu Bābā the greatest scholar of Braja. I had his blessed darśan several times between 1982 and 1988, when I purchased some of his Hindi translations of the Goswāmīs’ granthas. Via his śiṣya Śrī Satya-Nārāyan Paṇḍitjī and several friends of mine, who studied under him, I learned many important siddhāntas, particularly on jīva tattva.

The following are his teachings which impressed me most -

1. During pūjā all mantras should be pronounced in the mind, also idam puṣpam etc., since śāstra forbids speaking during arcanā - saliva may come out.

2. The whole siddha mahātmā-culture is wrong – saints are called siddha out of hearsay or respect, but there's a definition to that too in Bhakti Rasāmṛta Sindhu - avijñātākhila kleśa - he's free from the 5 kleśasrāga (attachment) dveṣa (repulsion) abhiniveśa (material absorption) asmitā (bodily consciousness) and avidyā (ignorance). He has such qualities naturally. All their activities are for Kṛṣṇa's pleasure - its not just miracles that make the siddha - santata kṛṣṇaṁ saukhyam sādhya parāyaṇa.

3. There is no need for pañca tattva mantra before hare kṛṣṇa mantra – Mahāprabhu said nāmnāmakāri bahudhā nija sarva śaktis - the holy name has all energies. Just avoid the 10 nāmāparādhas.

4. One should not sit in a yogic āsana when one is in distress. Patanjali says: sthiraṁ sukham āsanaṁ

5. Brahmā does not have four heads because the universe is so large. India is also large but the Prime Minister doesn’t have 5 heads for that. Western logic does not apply to Vedic thought – it is not functional like that.

6. Q: “This-and-this Guru says this-and-that, so he is totally bogus isn’t he?’

A: Don’t put me in the situation that I have to criticize this or that person. I will just tell you the truth and you will automatically understand which Guru is right or wrong in which point. In this way Vaiṣṇava aparādha is avoided.

7. Q: Why the Goswāmīs have samādhis when their bodies are anyway transcendental?

A: The samādhis are meant to get bhakti from. If you serve them and respect them they will grant bhakti.

8. gājar (carrots) produce uṣṇa vṛtti (hot effect) – it heats the body like garlic, in aphrodisiac manner.

9. One cannot live without society altogether - although society is just a network of individuals who ultimately only care for themselves.

10. Question: Mahāprabhu gave prem to whomever he embraced but Kṛṣṇa’s enemies like Duryodhan never got prem.

Answer: ‘Those whom Mahāprabhu embraced were His own eternal associates. They already had prema. He acted like in a drama, choosing his own actors. The demons were also chosen by Kṛṣṇa, to act as actors, showing how one should not act.

11. While Prahlāda said in the 7th canto modeta sādhur api vṛścika sarpa hatya ("Even the saints rejoice at the killing of a snake or a scorpion"), at the same time in the 12th canto Janamejaya was condemned for killing all snakes to punish them for just one snake biting his father Parīkṣit. The point being that one should only kill harmful creatures in self defense. The snake that killed Parīkṣit was only Śṛṅgī’s instrument. A great general who has killed many enemies in combat is worshipped when he comes home but if he kills just one person for his own private benefit he is hanged. Garuda eats snakes and snakes also provide a bed for Nārāyan. It is Garuda’s natural food – jīvo jīvasya jīvanam (1st canto)

12. Sanātan Goswāmīpād walked every day from Vṛndāvan to Govardhan, did parikramā there and then returned on foot to Vṛndāvan. At the same time he served Madanmohan in the temple and wrote all these books by hand. Not a leisure life.

13. Descriptions of Kṛṣṇa/Viṣṇu coming down from far away to give His darśan to His bhaktas, like Dhruva and Nārada, are given to encourage the bhaktas, like ‘Oh He comes from so far away just to show Himself to me’, but actually the Lord never goes anywhere. (His form does not exist in terms of time and space – tad ātmānam sṛjāmyahaṁ)

14. If one argues that for a westerner it is impossible to get Kṛṣṇa because of the unfavorable environment then look at Prahlād – he was the son of a demon, lived in the house of a demon and went to a demon’s school and he was the most excellent bhakta still.

15. śabda Brahma is that which indicates the Lord. The word has the power to show the meaning and lead you to the object. So all other languages are called prakrit used by common people who are not educated in Sanskrit. These are all the shadows of the Sanskrit language only, because that is the original language.

16. Question - is it aparādha to pronounce the holy names improperly?

Answer - The mother responds to the child’s call although the child cannot pronounce her name properly either.

17. Laukika śraddhā means putting faith in society. Society is created to fulfill common needs for eating, drinking, sleep etc. - if you put faith in society, Kṛṣṇa says, you will never attain Me but you will have to stay here.

18. tasmāt bhāgavatān dharmān śikṣet gurvātma daivata - it is imperative to learn Vaiṣṇavism after dīkṣā. 11.3.49.

19. It is necessary to mention one’s Guru while preaching because one must show authorization from authentic superiors, that you are not talking out of the blue. All ācāryas have mentioned their Gurus in the beginning of their books. It is also ungrateful not to mention Guru.

20. dharma means that by which we are protected, dharana.

21. The mother is the first Guru because she gives you her first consciousness.

22. The five Pāṇḍavas marrrying one girl is not vyabhicāra (debauchery) – it was praiseworthy because they blindly obeyed the order of their mother to share whatever they had won. Everyone accepted this marriage with 5 men.

23. ānukūlya – when people use this word, it’s only for activities where you are supporting, actual ānukūlya is something different and it’s very difficult to see that. Indeed, there is a lot of difference between sahayoga (assistance) and ānukūlya. In sahayoga you support the other person in whichever way you can. But you maintain your difference with the other person. Out of compassion you want to share the burden of the person, but you have your own identity, life and goals. In ānukūlya you are engaged in sevā. There is a tendency to please and this happens only by being connected. You don’t maintain any independent ego based on the body. You do only that pleases the master. In order to please him the independent identity should be completely washed out. In this there is no cheating - that is having something for the master and something for your self. In sahayoga there is. Since you are interested only in supporting the master in a limited way you have a lot for yourself too. ānukūlya happens according to the injunction and follows the taste of the master. You always try to please the master through your activity. bhajan itself cannot be done 24h/day, kirtan and japa all have a beginning and an end, but anukūlatā or favorableness can be done 24 h/day.

Tuesday, October 01, 2013

The sīmā-rekhā of Prācīna Bhārata-varṣa

The ancient India was not much larger than the current state. In Śrīmad Bhāgavat 9.23.5-6 six provinces (viṣayān) are mentioned in the east (prācyakam) of Bhārata varṣa – Aṅga (the kingdom of Karṇa, now Bihar), Baṅga (west- and east-Bengal, of which the east is now a separate enclave inside India) and Kaliṅga (now Orissa). The six sons of Dīrghatamā became kings of the six provinces named after them.

jajñire dīrghatamaso
baleḥ kṣetre mahīkṣitaḥ
cakruḥ sva-nāmnā viṣayān
ṣaḍ imān prācyakāṁś ca te

Jīva Goswāmī and Viśvanātha Cakravartī comment:

viṣayān deśān | prācyakān bhārata varṣasya pūrva-dig-vartinaḥ

« viṣayān means country or region, and prācyakān means on the eastern side of Bhārata Varṣa. »

So it is not that ancient India spread out to Vietnam or Indonesia and Vedic culture is now somehow lost there.

Also it is interesting that both Pāṇḍava-brides, Uttarā (princess of Matsya) and Draupadī (princess of Pancāla) came from close to Vraja.