JĪVA GOSVĀMĪ'S NĀMA TATTVA
(In November-December 2010) I only blogged on Viśvanātha Cakravartī's commentaries on the Ajāmila-story, but in my red notebook I also found this ṭīkā of Jīva Gosvāmī from the Krama Sandarbha, on Śrīmad Bhāgavat 6.2.20, which is worth adding -
śrī bhagavannāma grahaṇaṁ khalu dvividhā bhavati kevalatvena sneha-saṁyuktatvena ca. tatra pūrveṇāpi prāpayatvena sadyas tallokaṁ tannāma pareṇa ca tat samīpyam api prāpayati. mayi bhaktir hi bhūtānāṁ amṛtatvāya kalpate.
"There are two kinds of uttering of the holy name of the Lord - kevala and sneha-samyukta. Kevala means the mere utterance and that leads to residence in the world of the Lord (sālokya mukti), but sneha samyukta, which means 'endowed with affection', leads one close to Him (samīpya mukti). Kṛṣṇa tells the gopīs in Śrīmad Bhāgavat, canto 10, chapter 82 - "Devotion to Me leads the living entities to immortality."
Many devotees ask me about the spiritual status of the descendents of the Lord, the Advaita Vaṁśa Goswāmīs. śāstra says that Lord Nityānanda is the manifestation of Lord Balarāma in the age of Kali, and Advaita Prabhu is Lord Śiva and Mahāviṣṇu's appearance in this age. Their spirituality is therefore beyond doubt. Also there is no doubt They had children, grandchildren and so on and so forth, down to the present
day. Are they material or are they spiritual? It is also said in shastra that Advaita Prabhu rejected three of His six sons for holding on to the advaita-vāda that He had preached as a loving pastime in which He wanted to draw Śrīman Mahāprabhu's attention. Also at present not all Goswāmīs in Advaita or Nityānanda Prabhu's lineage show all the signs of divinity (though many of them, like Sādhu Bābā, his brothers and His parents, do). How does it work then?
Viśvanātha Cakravartīpāda paraphrases Śrī Vaṁśīdhara Ācārya in his commentary on Śrīmad Bhāgavata 10.2.8 -
nanu śuddha sattva rūpāyāṁ bhagavat prakāśikāyāṁ mahāśaktau devakī-devyāṁ prākṛtānāṁ ṣaḍgarbhāṇāṁ kathaṁ praveśaḥ samucitaḥ. bhavati satyaṁ śuddha-svarūpe śrī bhagavati samaṣṭi vyaṣṭīnāṁ praviṣṭatve'pi yathā na tad yogas tathaiva devakyām api ṣaḍ-garbhāṇām ityarthaḥ. yad uktaṁ mat sthāni sarva-bhūtāni na cāhaṁ teṣv avasthitaḥ. na ca mat sthāni bhūtāni paśya me yogam aiśvaram iti
"How is it possible that six mundane pregnancies could enter the womb of Devakī Devī, who is the great internal spiritual energy of the Lord, whose form consists of viśuddha sattva (pure transcendence)? Surely the Lord, whose form is viśuddha sattva, also contains the material worlds but they do not affect (pollute) Him, so it was also with Devaki's six pregnancies (matter exists in the womb of spirit, as the material universes lie in the spiritual womb of the Lord). The example is given by Lord Kṛṣṇa in Bhagavad Gītā (9.4-5): "All living beings are in Me, but I am not in them.....and yet all which is created does not reside in Me. Behold My divine majesty!"
Matter exists in the womb of spirit.........
REDEMPTION FOR THE GUILTY
In the 7th canto of the Bhāgavat it is described how Prahlāda Mahāśay was persecuted by the ogres of Hiranyakaśipu, and it is described that his sinlessness protected him, along with his bhakti for Bhagavān of course. So what is the hope for devotees who are not free from sin? Will the Lord protect them too? In
my opinion, yes. During the Kauravas' infamous dice-game, Draupadi was assaulted by Duḥśāśana and insulted by Duryodhan and Karna, but not without reason. She ridiculed Duryodhana when he got a wet suit in her palace in Indraprastha and she rejected Karṇa in a very humiliating way during her swayamvara. The vastra harana (disrobing) that followed was their punishment of her. Nevertheless, she took exclusive shelter of Kṛṣṇa, who famously became her sārī and protected her.