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Tuesday, March 04, 2008

Some readings from Sārārtha Darśinī 10th Canto


by Viśvanātha Cakravartipāda, translated by Bhānu Swāmī

10.2.8 Here Viśvanātha gives an ādhyātmik, or symbolic, reading: The six sons of Devakī are the six sense-objects, killed as prema appears in the womb of devotion when material desires vanish.
10.8.45 As a lamp sits in one place in a dark room and lights up the whole room, so that statement in śāstra which can reveal or regulate their meaning is called paribhāṣa sūtra. This verse is that for Kṛṣṇa's bālya līlā.
10.9.18 The distance of two fingers was filled by the devotees' effort (bhakta niṣṭhā) and the Lord's mercy (sva-niṣṭhā).
10.14.24 The Guru is compared to the sun (gurvarka) that gives you good eyes (sucakṣusā) to see Kṛṣṇa.
10.14.30-31 Show very clearly (verse and ṭīkā) that Vraja's cows are in vātsalya-rasa, not in śānta rasa. "I am not qualified to pray for their vātsalya rasa", Viśvanātha prays. Also in his ṭīkā of 10.20.26, Viśvanātha says 'prītyā is motherly affection'. In his ṭīkā of 10.21.13 Viśvanātha reiterates the cows (not the calves) are in vātsalya rasa.
10.14.50 "For every created being the dearmost thing is surely his own self. The dearness of children, wealth etc. is only due to the dearness of the self."
10.15.9 Kṛṣṇa, to whom Rādhā (Śrīmat) shows Her love (prītaḥ), came to Mānasa Gaṅgā (manaḥ, adreḥ sarit) and began to enjoy (reme) with the sakhīs (su-anuga).
10.16.27 When Kṛṣṇa saw the gopīs He thought "We will meet together to dance like this some time in the future."
10.19.12 One gopa said: "Kṛṣṇa knows everything about the powers of gems and mantras to remove the effects of poison and fire. But it's not effective in the presence of others. That's why He wants us to close our eyes!"
There's a story that Kṛṣṇa was very thirsty at the time so the forest fire, afraid and unable to against Kṛṣṇa's will, turned into a very cool and tasty drink which He drank as a small drop.
10.20.36 "Sometimes the wise bestow knowledge, sometimes they do not." Viśvanātha: "Prahlād instructed the demons' kids, Nārada the hunter and Jaḍa Bharat Rahūgaṇa, but not others. It's just up to them."
10.21.10 The peacocks offering Kṛṣṇa their tail feathers in this ṭīkā has been quoted by Ānanda Gopāl Goswāmī in his lectures on Vilāpa Kusumāñjali 43.
10.24.35 Kṛṣṇa saying śailo'smi (I am the mountain) means 'I am the presiding master of this region'. Kṛṣṇa appeared like another mountain on top of Girrāj..
10.29.8 Why did the husbands let the gopīs go to Kṛṣṇa? Yogamāyā arranged for doubles for
them, that stayed home.
10.32.18 su-madhyamā means that this middle (madhyama) question of the gopīs is the best (su).
10.32.19 An 'alpa-druha' hates his benefactor for a reason, and a 'guru-druha' has no reason for it.
10.33.3 Viśvanātha tries to solve the aiśvarya of Kṛṣṇa having many forms in the Rāsa-dance by saying that He was actually one but moved quickly between the gopīs, but this too is supernatural and thus aiśvarya..The devatās in this verse were not qualified to see the gopīs - they only saw Kṛṣṇa dancing - but the devīs could see them, as in SB 10.33.18.
10.33.16 Kṛṣṇa counting the rhythm of the dance by tapping on the gopīs' breasts later inspired Śrīla Ānanda Gopāl Goswāmī to speak Vilāpa Kusumāñjali's verse 79's purport.
10.33.25 ava-ruddha-saurata means 'completely absorbed in amorous play'.
10.33.36 One needs to be pure-hearted for the Rāsa līlā to make you a pure devotee.
10.33.37 Even the gopīs' doubles, that stayed with their husbands during the Rāsa, were not enjoyed by them. (U.N.)
10.47.34 Kṛṣṇa tells the gopīs - "an object of attraction is far from the mind when it is close to the eyes and near the mind when it is far from the eyes. Of the two, the mind is more important. So remain close to My mind." It's what Sādhu Bābā also told me, about Vraja-vāsa.... āmāra hṛdoy- man
10.47.40 Gadāgraja is Kṛṣṇa, the elder brother of Gadā, son of Deva-rakṣitā, sister and co-wife of Devakī.
10.47.59 The adultress who leaves her husband for her lover is less sinful than she who carries on with both husband and lover - she has at least loyalty to one man.
10.47.67 Those with sakhya-, vātsalya- or mādhura-prema become indifferent to themselves as repositories of love of Kṛṣṇa, due to extreme hopelessness of separation. In great humility they take the mood of dāsya (Balaram/sakhyā in 10.13.37, mādhurya/Radha in 10.30.40 and vātsalya/Nanda in 10.47.67).
10.61.3 "The wonder why Kṛṣṇa could not be attracted to the Queens' glances, though He is subdued by His devotees' love is because they have two kinds of love for Him -kāma-maya and prema-maya. The former cannot captivate Kṛṣṇa, the latter can.
10.61.4  The Queens acted according to the Kāma Sūtra.
10.61.5  The Queens' prema-maya love did bind Kṛṣṇa in SB 1.11.35, 10.53.2 and 10.70.16.
10.61.35  The mañjarīs who ridiculed Kṛṣṇa as a simple foolish cowherd at the dice-game in Ānanda Gopāl Goswāmī's Vilāpa Kusumāñjali-comments may have learned that from this verse spoken by Rukmi.
10.65.17 Śrīdhar Swāmi says these gopīs were too young during Kṛṣṇa's Rāsa dance, they had
not participated. Jīva Goswāmī says during Holi (Śaṅkhacūḍa killing) Kṛṣṇa and Balarām enjoyed different gopīs.
10.78.36 Bṛhad Āraṇyaka Upaniṣad (6.4.8) confirms the 'so father so son' principle in this verse -aṅgāt aṅgāt sambhavasi hṛdayād abhijāyate ātma vai putra nāmāsi 'Your limbs are born from my limbs, you are born from my heart. You are named my son because you are me."
10.83.43 The 8 principal Queens like Rukmiṇī were fully satisfied in their relationship with Kṛṣṇa. This verse praising the gopīs was spoken by the 16,000 lesser Queens, who were later kidnapped by Arjuna and brought to Gokula, after the Mauṣala-līlā.
10.87.30 The word aparimita proves there is no end to the number of jīvas and thus also not to the material world.
Kṛṣṇa is called sudur-ārādhya in SB 10.88.11 - He is hard to worship and that shows in all the brief friendships I had as a devotee - nobody stays!

There are some serious mistakes made in my edition of the English Sārārtha Darśinī by the way - chapters 72,73.76 and 77 are double and 74 and 75 are missing! I saw other editions are all right, though. I won't review most of the main parts of the tenth canto - Veṇu Gīta, Rāsa-līlā, Yugal Gīta, Bhramar Gīta and Mahiṣī Gīta - here,they are way too elaborate, but it's a monumental work by Viśvanātha, for sure.

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